Freudianism as a root to Adventure Therapy

A Freudian viewpoint takes the perspective that childhood regression may occur and
the teacher or leader assumes a paternalistic role and any transference behaviors
or acting out in the new situation could be examined… Unconscious wishes are
always active. (P414 1997)

It may be argued that the more civilized/simulated/symbolized the society the more repressed becomes the
animalistic, instinctual part of us and in this transition from vibrant and energetic, from
risk taking to risk averse is the path of the enervated human being, instinctual id
shackled by the societal super ego. Unconscious wishes are always active…it is a
peculiarity of the unconscious that they are indestructible, Freud (1997 p414).

It is a libidinal or sexual drive which propels us through life and this sublimated drive
emerges as the cause of most of our emotional and mental problems and anxiety (1997
p418). Driven by unconscious forces which cause us to behave in ways which are best
understood by the interpretation of the therapist through conversation, free association
and dream analysis in an attitude of reflection Freud (1997 p15).

The process of perception, physiology and cognition are intertwined to such an extent
that our sensual impressions of the world “out there” always result in interpretations
Beard(2002), Chambers (1984), Timms (2001), quoted by Beringer (2004).
A Freudian viewpoint takes the perspective that ―regression may occur and the
teacher/ leader/counselor assumes a paternalistic role and any transference
behaviors or acting out in the new situation could be examined.

Unconscious wishes are always active (P414 1997). Mahoney describes Freud‘s narrative style as one in
which a brilliantly painted logical mask conceals inconsistencies and contradictions…
either accept his interpretations as evidence of an accurate beginning toward a more
complete explanation or recognize Freud‘s disclaimers as a literary device that spins
the reader‘s attention away from critically evaluating Freud‘s constructions, Sacks
(2005) .

The elevation of conjecture to science on the base of reported cures seems to
be a common feature of most psychotherapeutic theories, Dryden & Feltham (1992 p139) Masson (1990) Frosh (1999) Webster (1996) Brinkema (2007).

While, the paragraph finishes on a negative, it is unwise for us to take the materialist perspective that if we cannot measure psychological processes or deliver repeat-ability then all psychotherapetic thinking must be outright fakery. Freud’s theories constitute the root and branch of advertising, PR, marketing and any modern psychology directed at unconscious processes of “influence.” Like much causal sequencing, we need to have an overview, before we can develop a coherent hypothesis. Only recently have we been able to examine the brain as it works, the mind is still up for inspection.



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